Sacramento, California

The city of Sacramento is one of the historic cities in California. Residents and visitors enjoy Sacramento's diversity, recreational activities, landmarks, entertainment, social scene, parks, and its unusually high number of trees within the city.

Long before the Gold Rush consumed California, indeginous people inhabited the state and the Sacramento area is no different. The Nisenan (Southern Maidu) and Plains Miwok Native Americans lived in the area for thousands of years, consuming acorns from the plentiful oak trees, before the first settlers made Sacramento their home.

The first explorer to reach Sacramento was Spanish explorer Gabriel Moraga in 1808. It wasn't until 1839 when John Sutter arrived with a Mexican land grant that the area began to be developed. Sutter's Fort (which can still be seen today) was built the next year and called New Helvetia by Sutter and his people. The fort became a regular stop for immigrants passing through the valley. He opened a saw mill and owned 1,000s of fruit trees but it wasn't until gold was discovered in 1848 that the population began to explode. Sutter's son planned the city of Sacramento , this included 26 lettered and 31 numbered streets (today's grid from C St. to Broadway and from Front St. to Alhambra Blvd.).

The city charter was adopted in 1849 and on February 27, 1850, Sacramento became California's first incorporated city.

Despite the fact that the Sacramento Valley had a tendency to flood, fire devastation, and cholera epidemics, people still flocked to the area due to its proximity to Mother Lode, Coloma, and San Francisco. By the mid 1850's Sacramento had become the capital of California.

Today, the remnants of Sacramento's history can still be seen throughout the city and the capital building, finished in 1872 and home to the state's legislature, still stands a beacon of Sacramento's history, progress, and accomplishment.

Location and Demographics:

Sacramento, the capital of California, covers 97.92 square miles in California's central valley, at the confluence of the American and Sacramento Rivers. It is located about 88 miles Northeast of San Francisco and 132 miles Southwest of Reno, Nevada.

As of 2015, the US census estimates that the total population of Sacramento is 490,712 which has increased 5.2% since 2000. Sacramento is the 6th largest city by population in California and 35th in the United States.



Sacramento is filled with landmarks and points of interest that range from historical to state of the art. The most prominent being the Capitol building, the centerpiece of the city, which began construction in 1860 and whose architecture is reminiscent of our nation's capitol building. Other historical landmarks include Sutter's Fort and Old Town Sacramento, which both date back to to John Sutter arriving in Sacramento in 1839. The Tower Bridge, located on the Sacramento River, is another iconic symbol of Sacramento. It opened for traffic in 1939 and is on the US National Register of Historical Places.

If modern landmarks are more your scene, Sacramento also has the newest (and greenest) arena in the nation-- The Golden One Center-- home to the Sacramento Kings and host of superstar entertainment acts like Paul McCartney and Maroon 5.



Sacramento enjoys a healthy level of employment with over 243,000 people in the workforce and an unemployment rate of 5.9%. One third of the jobs in Sacramento are blue collar jobs while the other 66% are white collar. Sacramento is home to over 22,000 businesses. The number one industry in Sacramento is Health and Social Services, which offers nearly 44,000 people, followed by Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services (~29,000 jobs), and Retail (~25,500 jobs). 

The median household income for Sacramento is $51,757, just below the national average of $54,622.



The city of Sacramento has 226 parks totaling about 3,200 acres of land. There are three types of parks in Sacramento:

Neighborhood Parks- about 2 to 10 acres, located in neighborhoods or adjacent to schools. These parks cater to the needs of children and usually feature playgrounds, sports courts, and lawn areas.

Community Parks- larger than neighborhood parks, ranging from 6 to 60 acres, and also contain dog parks, lighted sports courts, skate parks, and nature areas. Some even include water areas and community pools. 

Regional Parks- range from 75 to 200 acres and serve the entire city. Amenities include all community park amenities plus sports complexes, large picnic areas, and golf courses. The most prominent regional park is William Land Park. 


Real Estate in Sacramento

The Sacramento Real Estate market, like the city itself, offers a diverse range of housing options from condos in the heart of downtown to luxury estates in the "Fabulous Forties" to $200k single family residences. There is an estimated 193,173 housing units in the city and of the non-vacant homes (about 173,000), 48% are owner occupied while the other 52% are renter occupied.


The City of Sacramento is home to some top-notch public and private schools ranging from kindergarten to University. Because of the size of the city, there are 7 public school districts that serve Sacramento:

Additionally, there are 37 private schools within 5 miles of Sacramento.



More About Sacramento, CA

Born in Sacramento:

  • Associate Justice Anthony Kennedy, Member of the Supreme Court of the United States
  • Sam Elliott, Actor
  • Brie Larson, Academy Award Winning Actress
  • Colin Hanks, Actor/Director
  • Joan Didion, Author
  • Thomas Kinkade, Painter
  • Lisa Ling, TV Host/Journalist
  • Dustin Lance Black, Academy Award Winning Director/Screenwriter
  • John Lloyd Young, Tony Award Winning Actor/Singer and member of the President's Committee on the Arts and Humanities
  • Charles Schwab, Businessman/Founder of the Charles Schwab Corporation

Sacramento has been the Capital of California since...

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Sacramento is one of six cities California has called its capital. Monterey was the first capital city while California was under Spanish/Mexican rule. In 1849, the capital was then moved to San Jose when California was admitted to the United States, then moved to Vallejo and Benicia in the span of a few years. The capital city was then moved to Sacramento in 1854. A huge flood in December 1861 forced the capital to temporarily be moved San Francisco from January to May 1862 before moving back to Sacramento.  

It wasn't until 1879 that Sacramento was named the permanent state capital. 

The newest NBA arena...

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Golden One Center

Opened in 2016 and is the greenest stadium built. It is home to the Sacramento Kings and hosts a variety of concerts and shows. 

Sacramento is also known as...

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The City of Trees

There are over 450 variety of trees in Sacramento. The only other city in the world with more trees is Paris, France.

Sacramento also has the nicknames of River City, Sac Town, the 9-1-6, and the Camellia Capital of the World.

Sacramento is largest processing plant of...

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Blue Diamond Almonds is headquartered in Sacramento and processes 12 million pounds of almonds a day during harvest. 

Sacramento was the last stop on the...

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Pony Express

The Pony Express was a mail delivery system and enabled California to connect with the rest of the United States. Its route went from St. Joseph, Missouri to Sacramento, California with other stops along the way. In its heyday it could deliver mail across the country in 10 days. In its brief tenure (19 months of operations) the Pony Express delivered about 35,000 letters from California to Missouri. 

Sacramento's Namesake

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Santísimo Sacramento

The city was named after the Sacramento River which got its name from Spanish cavalry officer Gabriel Moraga for the Santísimo Sacramento (Blessed Sacrament), referring to the Catholic Eucharist.

The hottest temperature on record...

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is 115 degrees!

Sacramento has its fair share of hot summer days but on June 15, 1961, the temperature reached 115 degrees. The chilliest day on record is December 11, 1932 when the mercury dipped to 17 degrees. 

Sacramento is home to the longest...

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Operating Art Museum in the West

The Crocker Art Museum originally opened in 1885 and it has been in operation ever since. A new museum was built in 2010 next to the original building which is a  California Historical Landmark and on the US Registry of Historical Places.


Homes for Sale in Sacramento:

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